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Record ID CRID:62
Type of record Single Monument
Date of record 28-11-2012
Registrar Natasa Michailidou
Rights for record
Notes -


Main Monument Table
Monument type Immovable Monument
Monument Code CHURCH0042

Monument Name Nativity of St. John the Baptist church in Melnik
Related Institution Holy Diocese of Nevrokop
Location Name Melnik
Date of construction
Period of Centurycentury BC/AD
From end of 18century AD
To start 19 AD
Short Description It is placed in the north-eastern part of the town onto the right bank of the Melnishka River. Among the locals it is also famous with the name of “St. Yanie”. At present it serves as a cemetery temple.
The church was built at the end of the 18th or at the beginning of 19th century. Structurally the building is a three-nave basilica, with a narthex from south and an awning from the west that were both added later. The masonry is out of stones.
The church has three entrances – one in the south and two in the west. The main entrance on the west is meant for men and the other one for women. The latter is placed north of the main entrance, on the level of the balcony. A stone stairway leads up to it. In front of its door there is a landing of wooden balustrades and a narthex; above it there is a church bell cast in 1893 that is also embellished with religious figures.
There is a naos and an altar, divided by the iconostasis. In the western part of the naos there are two balconies, which are really rare site to see. The lower one (the bigger) is meant for women, and the upper one (the smaller) – for maidens. In order to reach the designated areas, they used the second (the high) western door that leads directly down to the lower balcony.




Monument Classification
Monument type Immovable Monument
Monument type according to form
Monument type according to use
Monument type according to construction
Monument type according to location
Architectural type
Notes




Code
Code CHURCH0042

Other Codes
Source / Origin




Name
Monument Name Nativity of St. John the Baptist church in Melnik
Source / Origin




Institution
Related Institution Holy Diocese of Nevrokop




Origin / Location
Location Name Melnik
Address
Prefecture
Country
Coordinates Χ1
Coordinates Χ2
Coordinates Y1
Coordinates Y2
Coordinates Z1
Coordinates Z2
Meausurement Method
Measurement Accuracy
Geodetic Coordinate System
Notes
Map location




Short Description
Short Description It is placed in the north-eastern part of the town onto the right bank of the Melnishka River. Among the locals it is also famous with the name of “St. Yanie”. At present it serves as a cemetery temple.
The church was built at the end of the 18th or at the beginning of 19th century. Structurally the building is a three-nave basilica, with a narthex from south and an awning from the west that were both added later. The masonry is out of stones.
The church has three entrances – one in the south and two in the west. The main entrance on the west is meant for men and the other one for women. The latter is placed north of the main entrance, on the level of the balcony. A stone stairway leads up to it. In front of its door there is a landing of wooden balustrades and a narthex; above it there is a church bell cast in 1893 that is also embellished with religious figures.
There is a naos and an altar, divided by the iconostasis. In the western part of the naos there are two balconies, which are really rare site to see. The lower one (the bigger) is meant for women, and the upper one (the smaller) – for maidens. In order to reach the designated areas, they used the second (the high) western door that leads directly down to the lower balcony.




Construction
Construction Phase -
Description of construction
Related Person -
Related Institution / Workshop -
Date of construction
Period of Centurycentury BC/AD
From end of 18century AD
To start 19 AD
Historical period -
Surrounding built environment
Construction technique
Architectural type
Construction materials
State of completion
Digital representation
Notes


Decoration
Decoration Phase Primary decoration
Decoration Type Painting
Decoration theme Animal and plant themes. Series of icons. Scene from a city.
Location of decoration Iconostasis, bishop's throne, columns, south wall.
Description of decoration Next to the southern entrance which shoulders the facade, the Bishop’s throne is placed – it is decorated with woodcarvings and pictures of pigeons and peacocks. In the eastern part of the naos there is a step leading to the altar.
The iconostasis is very distinguished with a great artistic value. Its upper part slightly leans forward, there are three rows of icons on it. It is richly decorated with drawings and woodcarvings by the icon-painters Lazar Argirov and Yakov Nikolai.
The columns of the temple are covered with plant elements. Scenes from the ancient city of Nineveh are depicted on the southern wall.

Related Person Lazar Argirov
Yakov Nikolai
Related Institution -
Date of decoration
Decoration style
Decoration technique
Decoration materials
Condition of Decoration
Digital representation CRDGID:33 - Melnik, Nativity of St. John the Baptist church, iconostasis



CRDGID:65 - Melnik, icon of Jesus Christ



CRDGID:66 - Melnik, icon of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist



Notes -


Testimonies
Type of testimony Written
Date of testimony
2012 AD
Location of testimony -
Description of testimony Written informative text from the Diocese of Nevrokop
Related Person -
Related Institution Holy Diocese of Nevrokop
Notes -