Record Elements print all
Record ID CRID:2
Type of record Single Monument
Date of record 07-08-2012
Registrar Natasa Michailidou
Rights for record
Notes -


Main Monument Table
Monument type Immovable Monument
Monument Code CHURCH0001
Monument Name Church of Kosmosotira in Feres
Related Institution Holy Diocese of Alexandroupolis, Traianopolis and Samothrace
Location Name Feres Evros
Date of construction
1152 AD
Short Description In the center of Feres there is the Church of Our Lady Saviour of the World, the katholikon of the homonymous monastery, founded by sebastokrator Isaac Comnenus, son of Alexios I Komnenos. This is a wonderful monument of Byzantine architecture.
In 1151/52 Isaac Comnenus launches his monastic complex and writes its Typikon. It is a text-witness, thanks to which we know the operational status of the monastery's assets and the general formation of this Komnenian monastic institution. There are also wonderful Byzantine frescoes from the 12th century, among which 4 military saints stand out. These frescoes had been covered with plaster by the Turks when the church was converted into a mosque in 1357.
The presence of the inserted, in the wall, single-headed eagle has prompted some to argue that the church is home to the mausoleum and tomb of Isaac Comnenus, as stated in the Typikon of the Monastery and the tradition.
Experiencing the monastic ideal by the monks and the monastery's social contribution to the people of the region, as well as to the passing-bys, made the Monastery highly valued as a notab;e monastic center from which only the "Katholikon" and some ruins of the towers remained.
Isaac at his Typikon proclaimed the Monastery as "totally free, aftodespoti, idiodespoti" without being subject to any authority, either royal or patriarchal, but also without defining any trustee from his generation and his heirs. The monastery became a priory and the monks had to eat at the table all together the same food, drink the same wine, wear the same clothes and shoes, without any exception nor for the abbot. Only for the sick monks a special diet could be arranged.




Monument Classification
Monument type Immovable Monument
Monument type according to form Church
Monument type according to use Worship
Monument type according to construction Built construction
Monument type according to location Monastic church
Architectural type Cross-in-square church with dome
Notes -




Code
Code CHURCH0001
Other Codes
Source / Origin




Name
Monument Name Church of Kosmosotira in Feres
Source / Origin Theodore Uspensky’s study of Isaac Komnenos’ Seraglio Octateuch, published in 1907 for the Russian Archaeological Institute in Constantinople 1





Institution
Related Institution Holy Diocese of Alexandroupolis, Traianopolis and Samothrace




Origin / Location
Location Name Feres Evros
Address -
Prefecture Evros prefecture
Country Greece
Coordinates Χ1 -
Coordinates Χ2 -
Coordinates Y1 -
Coordinates Y2 -
Coordinates Z1 -
Coordinates Z2 -
Meausurement Method -
Measurement Accuracy -
Geodetic Coordinate System -
Notes -
Map location




Short Description
Short Description In the center of Feres there is the Church of Our Lady Saviour of the World, the katholikon of the homonymous monastery, founded by sebastokrator Isaac Comnenus, son of Alexios I Komnenos. This is a wonderful monument of Byzantine architecture.
In 1151/52 Isaac Comnenus launches his monastic complex and writes its Typikon. It is a text-witness, thanks to which we know the operational status of the monastery's assets and the general formation of this Komnenian monastic institution. There are also wonderful Byzantine frescoes from the 12th century, among which 4 military saints stand out. These frescoes had been covered with plaster by the Turks when the church was converted into a mosque in 1357.
The presence of the inserted, in the wall, single-headed eagle has prompted some to argue that the church is home to the mausoleum and tomb of Isaac Comnenus, as stated in the Typikon of the Monastery and the tradition.
Experiencing the monastic ideal by the monks and the monastery's social contribution to the people of the region, as well as to the passing-bys, made the Monastery highly valued as a notab;e monastic center from which only the "Katholikon" and some ruins of the towers remained.
Isaac at his Typikon proclaimed the Monastery as "totally free, aftodespoti, idiodespoti" without being subject to any authority, either royal or patriarchal, but also without defining any trustee from his generation and his heirs. The monastery became a priory and the monks had to eat at the table all together the same food, drink the same wine, wear the same clothes and shoes, without any exception nor for the abbot. Only for the sick monks a special diet could be arranged.




Construction
Construction Phase Construction
Description of construction
Related Person Isaac Komnenos
Related Institution / Workshop -
Date of construction
1152 AD
Historical period Middle Byzantine
Surrounding built environment
Construction technique
Architectural type Cross-in-square church with two columns and five domes
Construction materials Mortar
Stone
Lead
Brick
State of completion
Digital representation
Notes


Use
Construction Phase Adaptive reuse
Description of use During the 14th century the catholikon was converted into the mosque of Suleyman, and five and a half centuries later was again converted into a Christian church.

Related Person -
Related Institution -
Date of use
14century AD
Digital representation
Notes -


Decoration
Decoration Phase Primary decoration
Decoration Type Painting
Decoration theme Hierarchs, figures of military saints and Communion of the Apostles
Location of decoration South and north wall, south wall of Prothesis
Description of decoration The iconographic decoration is a magnificent specimen of high quality painting of the School of Constantinople, dated to the 12th century. The wall-paintings in the Kosmosoteira are the work of a team of painters brought there, most probably from Constantinople, by its royal founder and express his theological views. The large dimensions and the calm, slow movements of the figures, the 'careless' drawing and the uniform chromatic surfaces render a heavenly world both erudite and serious, as seen through the ascetic ideal. Certain peculiarities in the iconographic programme are more expressive of human dramaticism than an eucharistic disposition. The representation of the Communion of the Apostles on the south wall of the prothesis is an example.
Related Person Isaac Komnenos
Related Institution -
Date of decoration
12century AD
Decoration style Characteristic sample of the iconography of the 12th century School of Constantinople

Decoration technique Fresco
Decoration materials
Condition of Decoration Medium
Digital representation CRDGID:100 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Central)



CRDGID:101 - Feres, Kosmosoteira (Interior - Left Corner)



CRDGID:135 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - NE view)



CRDGID:194 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Wall painting 1)



CRDGID:195 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Wall painting 2)



CRDGID:196 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Wall painting 3)



CRDGID:197 - Feres, Church of Kosmosotira (Interior - Wall painting 4)



Notes -


Conservation
Conservation type Conservation and cleaning, replacement of old materials

Location of conservation Walls and cupola
Description of conservation 1997 - Conservation of the masonry on the west part of the monument.
1998 - Partial conservation of the cupola.
1999 - Replacement of the old lead sheets on the cupola with new ones. The new sheets were placed on a mud layer made of clay so as to achieve the spherical shape of the hemisphere.
Moreover, the repairs comprised the cleaning of the monument from newer and insecure mortars.
Related Person -
Related Institution -
Date of decoration
From 1996 AD
To 2000 AD
Conservation technique Restoration
Removing
Cleaning
Conservation materials Lead
Digital representation
Notes http://www.yppo.gr/5/g5121.jsp?obj_id=1722


State of protection
Related Institution Ministry of Culture
Declaration date
Declaration type
Digital representation
Notes -


Monument Correlations
Relevant monument Church of Kosmosotira in Feres
Relationship type The tombstone possibly of the monastery’s founder was found in the north part of the catholicon’s narthex.
Notes Arcaeological Review 35 (1980) Inscriptions, 66


Bibliography
Title Church of Kosmosotira and Isaakios Komnenos.
Writer Koukouridis A.
Date of record 30-11-2008
Bibliography information -
Notes -


Bibliography
Title Virgin Mary Kosmosotira
Writer Aikaterini Balla
Date of record 02-12-2007
Bibliography information Guide for the Prefecture of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace
Notes http://www.xanthi.ilsp.gr/cultureportalweb/article.php?article_id=872&topic_id=48&level=4&belongs=47&area_id=28&lang=gr&hightlight=κοσμοσώτειρα


Bibliography
Title Monastery of Kosmosotira
Writer -
Date of record 05-03-2012
Bibliography information Ministry of Culture, ODYSSEUS Portal
Notes http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/gh251.jsp?obj_id=1555


Bibliography
Title The church of Kosmosotira
Writer Tsigaras G.
Date of record 26-02-2008
Bibliography information Guide for the Prefecture of Eastern Macedonia-Thracea
Notes http://www.ipet.gr/cultureportalweb/article.php?article_id=1099&topic_id=33&level=4&belongs=32&area_id=25&lang=gr&hightlight=%EA%EF%F3%EC%EF%F3%FE%F4%E5%E9%F1%E1